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Referencing: Glossary

Glossary of Terms

Term Meaning
Bibliography A list of all the sources of information used in researching your assignment (including those that you did not cite in your work.)
Block quote A long quote - 40 or more words - that is set apart from the main text in an indented paragraph
Citation A reference to a source in the body of paper
Cite To refer to a source in the body of a paper
Common knowledge Facts that are generally known to most people and therefore do not need to be referenced
et al (From the Latin et alia/et aliae meaning 'and others'.) A term used in referencing for works having more than three authors. The in-text citation gives the first surname listed in the publication, followed by et al. For example, (Smith et al., 2019).
In-text citation Brief details (for example author, date, page number) of your source of information placed within your text.
Quote To use the exact words from the source in your work.
Quotation The exact words that have been taken directly from a source. A quotation must always be followed by an in-text citation
Quotation marks Punctuation marks used to indicate "the beginning and the end" of a quotation from a particular source
Reference The full publication details of a source that you have cited
Reference list A list of references at the end of your assignment that includes the full publication information for your citations so that the reader can easily identify and retrieve each source
Referencing Style A referencing style is a set of particular set of rules telling you how to format citations and reference lists
Secondary referencing Citing a work that has been mentioned or quoted in a source that you are reading.  It's called secondary referencing because you have not read that source, only someone's account of it. Secondary references do not need to be included in reference lists
Source The original place from where you obtained and used information. Every source that you use must be cited and included in your reference list
URL The abbreviation for Uniform (or Universal) Resource Locator, the address of documents and other information sources on the Internet (for example http://www.rte.ie), commonly known as web address