For the reference list at the end of your work, you'll need a little more detail including
- The author [creator] of the source
- The year of creation
- The title of the work e.g book title, article title, song title
- The address of the website (if a website has been used)
The author and the year link the in-text citation to the reference list entry. Required information can vary between different source types. See the example pages for more information.
Some rules for the format of the reference list:
- The reference list should be in alphabetical order by author's surname.
- Reference list citations require both author's surname and initial, with a comma after the surname and a full-stop after the initial e.g Smith, J. (2019)
- For more than one author, a comma is required between authors with an "and" before the last author e.g Smith, J. and Jones, A. (2019) or Smith, J., Jones, A. and Murphy, P. (2019)
- When you have multiple sources from the same author, put them in year order, with the oldest first. If they are from the same year, then use alphabetical order ("a" for the first source cited, "b" for the 2nd source cited, "c" for the 3rd source cited...)
- Brookfield, S. (1995) Becoming a critically reflective teacher. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Brookfield, S. (2005) The power of critical theory for adult learning and teaching. Open University Press.
Brookfield, S. (2012) Teaching for critical thinking: tools and techniques to help students question their
assumptions. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Brookfield, S. (2013a) Scholarly personal narratives as a new direction for the scholarship of teaching and learning. Teaching Theology & Religion, 16(2) pp. 127-128.
Brookfield, S. (2013b) Teaching for critical thinking, International Journal of Adult Vocational Education & Technology. 4(1) p. 1.
- If a book has an edition number then this should be included after the title
- Brookfield, S. (2012) Teaching for critical thinking: tools and techniques to help students question their
assumptions 2nd edition. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Titles should be in italics. Unless the source is part of something else, like a chapter in a book or an article in a newspaper, in which case you don't put the title in italics, but instead put the title of the book or newspaper in italics e.g.
- Brookfield, S. (1995) Becoming a critically reflective teacher. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. This is a book so the title is in italics.
- Brookfield, S. (2013a) Scholarly personal narratives as a new direction for the scholarship of teaching and learning. Teaching Theology & Religion, 16(2) pp. 127-128. This is an article from a journal, so the title of the article is not in italics, but the title of the journal is in italics.
- Capitalise the first word of the title, and any proper nouns [a proper noun is the name used for an individual person, place, or organisation - John, Ireland, Amazon] in the title of books e.g
- A history of Ireland
- The life of James Joyce
- Capitalise all words in newspaper or journal titles except for small words like "a" "of" "in" "on" etc.
- International Journal of Adult Vocational Education & Technology
- Every unique in-text citation should have an entry in the reference list. This is very important.
There are different rules for different information sources, so we'll look at examples of referencing the more common sources on other pages in this section