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A clause is a group of words that express a single idea. Clauses are the building blocks of sentences. A sentence can contain one or more clauses. Clauses contain at the very least a subject and a verb.
The subject is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing something
An action or doing word.
In a clause, somebody (subject) is doing (verb) something.
I like pies
Subject - I
Verb - like
John was late.
Subject - John
Verb - was
There are two kinds of clauses:
Independent clauses - they can stand alone as complete sentences
The teacher was not there
John's assignment was late
Dependent clauses - they need an independent clause to make sense
When we arrived in class
he lost marks
If clauses need to be joined together, then use punctuation or conjunctions
When we arrived in class, the teacher was not there